Thursday, September 3, 2020

Is Miltons Satan the hero of Paradise Lost in any way other than being Research Paper

Is Miltons Satan the legend of Paradise Lost in any capacity other than being the viable hero Is it conceivable to feel for him - Research Paper Example The paper will give a record of Milton’s treatment of Satan, while considering the basic convention and discussion spoke to by some of Teskey pundits referenced previously. Like different stories, Milton’s sonnet, Paradise Lost praises a culture or a religion he intensely battled for. Satan is one character who has and still incites feelings, for example, abhor, scorn, and fear. Be that as it may, these feelings are for the most part evoked by the cultural reflections on Satan and not from singular encounters. For the most part, Satan is a character who is appreciated by certain journalists because of his notoriety of seeking after fiendishness. Milton is one such essayist who exhibits Satan as a saint however in a negative manner (Herman and Sauer 50-54). Milton didn't mean to advocate the evilness related with Satan. Despite what might be expected, he needs to set up Satan’s thought process of needing to be over his companions. While portraying the Creation and Fall of Man, Milton concentrates more on jobs of Satan other than those of God. Nonetheless, he can protect God’s predominance and prudent aims and depict Satan as malevolent and convincing. Milton’s delineates Satan as one who comprehends our inclinations and plans to utilize this information to trick us into accepting that he thinks about us (Answerable Style: The Genre of Paradise Lost Web). As indicated by C. S. Lewis, â€Å"Every sonnet can be considered in two different ways as what the writer needs to state and as a thing which he makes. From the one perspective it is a declaration of conclusions and feelings; from the other, it is an association of words which exists to deliver a specific designed involvement with readers† (Milton and Gordon, â€Å"Paradise Lost: Authoritative Text, Sources and Backgrounds, Criticism† 404). Milton’s sonnet has various varieties of epic shows, which makes it predominant. In Paradise Lost, Satan is one of the characters whom a few pundits, for example, William Blake and Percy Bysshe Shelley think about the epic legend of the sonnet. This

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Shakespeare`S Julius Caesar Essays - , Term Papers

Shakespeare'S Julius Caesar In writing, characters are frequently ridiculous, and once in a while do they depict those uncommon highlights that make them human. William Shakespeare was one of only a handful not many ready to make characters with really human highlights .His ability for doing this is obviously illus trated in one of his most notable plays,*+#* Julius Caesar*-#*. This is the interesting story dependent on evident history of the introduction of the Roman Empire, starting with the severe death of their pioneer, Julius Caesar. Three of the characters show th e human qualities of being three-dimensional and dynamic, Anthony, Caesar's steadfast buddy; Cassius, one of the plotters; and Caesar himself. *:s**:S+-2**:#3408,9360* Mark Anthony, Caesar's devoted friend and guardian, has a totally differentiated character. In one manner, he is genuinely lamented by the demise of his dear companion however then again he is savvy and sly and exploits Caesar's passing. He revea ls his savvy and tricky character while he is giving his discourse at Caesar's memorial service. He utilized numerous strategies to get the individuals to agree with him. Mockery, incongruity, turn around brain research, varying media influences, and tears are utilized so as to convince the Plebei ans that Caesar's death wasn't right and his demise must be retaliated for by murdering the schemers. Somewhere down in his heart, he feels sadness and agony despite the fact that he takes bit of leeway of Caesar's demise. *:S+-2**:#4686,9360* Cassius, one of the fundamental schemers engaged with Caesar's demise is additionally a multifaceted individual, in spite of the fact that not as much as Anthony. He had more good judgment than different backstabbers, however the remainder of them didn't value his useful tidbits. He is emoti onal, yet forceful, desirous, hot tempered, indiscreet, peevish, and an instigator. He additionally shows a level of wisdom when he moves toward Brutus to propose his arrangement of killing Caesar. He complimented Brutus by revealing to him how superb he is, and how extraordinary a pioneer he is. He was restless to include Brutus in the scheme since he realized Brutus was a regarded citizen and individuals would hear him out, and he was interested to recognize what had occurred. He likewise shows a level of being fainthearted. Numerous times he realized he was directly in his arrangements, however he didn't have the mental fortitude to continue in them. For instance, when he said not to let Anthony talk at the burial service. *:S+-2**:#4686,9360* Finally, Caesar himself, right on the Roman domain at its pinnacle, had a couple of intriguing perspectives with regards to his character that must not be disregarded. He was scheming, politically brilliant, magnetic, vacillatious, and pompous. As an external self he attempted to seem great, shielding himself against any awful signs that went over to Calpurnia, his better half, the seer, or the augurer. At the point when Anthony previously offered him the crown the, and the seer cautioned him to be careful with the Ides of March, the fifteenth day of the month, he drove him away not having any desire to seem defenseless out in the open. Be that as it may, when we consider him to be his private self, at home with his better half, we perceive how really helpless he is. As his better half cautions him not to go out, he attempts to reclassify the signs as great signs. He doesn't know whether he trusts himself and his protection debilitates. At the point when the schemers come to get him, their concurrence with him reinforces his inner self and he chooses to go. This shows how much the popular conclusion intended to him. *:s**:S+-2**:#426,9360* *:S+ all in all, Shakespeare really was a specialist at depicting human attributes, and every one of his characters are multifaceted, three-dimensional, and dynamic. He has set a model for future journalists to come. Shakespeare Essays

Friday, August 21, 2020

New Technology: Police Body Worn Cameras Essay

Our specialty is as of now going to buy new innovation as official worn cameras. Throughout the following five years this innovation will be set up. The police office will see numerous advantages from this innovation in the territories of proof safeguarding, diminished obligation and improved proficiency for the police division. The official worn camera is a gadget that has gotten financially savvy and productive in size and abilities. The camera is joined to the Officers uniform and permits the official to catch video and sound of his exercises all through his voyage through obligation. This will be utilized to report traffic stops, assent look and â€Å"res gestae† articulations made to officials. The official worn camera will diminish bogus charges made against officials, and the insightful overhead that joins these claims. The future advantages from the official worn cameras in the decrease of obligation to the city, the police division and the official. As indicated by Sir Ronnie Flanagan’s policing audit distributed a week ago, in addition to the fact that cameras provide improved proof, they can likewise decrease the time taken to record occurrence reports by 22 percent, which would give officials an additional 50 minutes of watch time per official every day, as per the report (Kelly, 2008) In this new time of spending shortages and reduced labor this new innovation can give an increasingly proficient police office by saving time that is ordinarily spent on pointless examinations. Executing revealing methodology utilizing cameras and video can likewise lessen time spent on report composing obligations. In Conclusion, the acquisition of the official worn cameras will diminish risk in situations where misleading complaints are made. Video explanations can be utilized protect proof and the ability of detailing will make an increasingly effective police office. References: Cultivate, R. E. (2005). Police innovation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall Kelly, N. (2008). Police pilot body-worn cameras. Figuring, 6. Recovered from

Tuesday, June 9, 2020

Judaism and Ecology - Free Essay Example

How does thinking about sacred time help create a Jewish approach to the ecological crisis? Daniel Shin There are many advances in civilization evident today, but in terms of natural environmental development, society faces ecological problems in that natural resources are being continually depleted at an astonishing rate, pollutions in the form of gasses overtaking the atmosphere, plastics polluting oceans, global warming impacting safe temperatures, and more. This technical civilization may be beneficial for a utilitarian approach, but from an ecological perspective, these issues must be addressed. Implementing Judaisms practice of sacred time using the Sabbath is one way to approach this.. The idea is to set apart time in which people focus on the present time and take in the atmosphere and nature, completely focusing on the spiritual state of being. Relationships with others is also a key priority. It is important to refrain from actions that alter or remake space and actions that could cause earth harm. This also means to respect and treat the earth with care. For the Jewish people, the Sabbath is their sacred time. Heschel mentions, things created in six days he considered good, the seventh day he made holy (Heschel, 75). To the Jews given through the Torah, God created the earth in six days, then rested on the seventh. This rest is regarded highly because God the creator Himself made the decision to rest. The decision to rest is a symbol and instruction for His people to meditate and connect with their spiritual being. A time to calm down from working hard the whole week to recuperate back to full health. Instead of driving to school, walk and get some exercise in. Allow the body to keep up with the week and focus on strengthening the spirit. Keeping the Sabbath in society today may prove difficult as one whole day must be devoted to rest, but this change in lifestyle can very well impact earths ecological issues for the better, while also allowing people to connect with their spirit to relax and continue the coming week in a more productive manner after being well rested. Billions of people around the world keeping the Sabbath would prove dramatic results in terms of a more sustainable and healthy planet, especially reducing gas emissions from automobiles, lowering electricity usage and more. Heschel mentions the danger of the utilitarian ethic to nature in, Man has indeed become primarily a tool-making animal, and the world is now a gigantic tool-box for the satisfaction of his needs. (Swetlitz, 244) Although extreme, Heschels point is that as people continue basing their ethics on utilitarianism, the earth will only be used for its usefulness. Not for its beauty as Gods creation. If the world is nothing but resources to be extracted and used, then value in people will only be usable as things. Therefore, to combat this, the Sabbath provides that opportunity to set usefulness to the side and focus on the beauty and splendor of nature. Take time to see what God has created and respect it, while also resting from any actions that stress or burden. In a God-centered universe, all life becomes a source of wonder. (Swetlitz, 245) This wonder is seen only after first putting down usefulness. Abrams mentions one specific way to be with nature in, Tending the crop between Sukkot and Shavuot deepened my involvement with Jewish living and my connection to the natural world in ways I never would have expected. (Abrams, 157) Here Abrams is able to deepen his spiritual being by tending crops, but this was only possible through a time of rest in planting crops and connecting with nature. Another issue regarding dangers to the earth is over-consumption. The earth is limited in resources so limiting consumption is key for finding solutions. Diamond states, We pursue our dreams of wealth and comfort only to discover that they are a chimera, and we are unable to find a viable vision to replace our shattered dreams. We feel like cogs in a machine, unable to change the course of our own lives, much less the complexion of society, (Diamond, 81) that people have this thirst for more things that we want, but dont have. This thirst that can never be fulfilled leads people to over consume products that are not necessarily needed. Diamond then introduces the Jewish way of consuming it, The Jewish view of consumption begins with the belief that the earth belongs to God. (Diamond, 81) This way gives thanks to God for using the land and resources while also respecting them. Especially on the Sabbath when we have time to give thanks and cannot spend money which limits consumption to only six days a week. There is also the fact that over-consumption can cause major life issues which are clearly described in Excessive consumption can wreak havoc in ones personal life and rob on of the life of the spirit. The attempt to satisfy every fleeting impulse, a common phenomenon in our world of ubiquitous advertising and malls, begins with our thoughts. (Diamond, 84) By respecting resources as if they were Gods, then people can control their desires of over-consumption and limit consumption to only what is necessary for a sustainable life which also leads to a total sustainable economy. The many ecological issues society faces today are difficult to overcome and require future sacrifices and changes. Through the Sabbath, society can approach ethics in a new direction of respecting and thanking nature and connecting with inner being away from the utilitarianism aspect of things valued only by usefulness. And because of this, people can learn to connect with nature and fin d value in things spiritually and in nature itself. Changing the way, we approach resources can also bring about change in over-consumption one day of the week at a time. By respecting resources as Gods, then we can focus on taking only what is necessary for life. Victor Kimarud Time is an exciting concept. We all probably have heard the saying that time waits for no one. We are all running out of time and so is the planet with the way we humans keep on treating it. What are ways that we can help save the planet from the ecological crisis that is ahead of us and also at the same time enriching our lives? We can do this by adopting the idea of the Sabbath and sacred time from the Jewish religion. This is the idea that we need to slow down and start thinking of the decisions that we make and how it impacts our lives and the environment around us. Heschel describes the Sabbath in a fascinating way The Sabbath is not for the sake of the weekdays; the weekdays are for the sake of Sabbath. It is not an interlude but the climax of living. (Pg 14, Heschel) This brings us to the idea that we should live our lives in a way that we look towards the Sabbath, a day of rest where we can focus on ourselves and reflect on the week. When we rest on the Sabbath, we should als o allow nature to take a rest too. In order for us to value nature more, we need to experience sacred time. In Sirinsky, The Land of Your Soul comes up with the idea of river time as sacred time. When I ?found Judaism, I discovered that my tradition to my surprise integrated ?river time into its weekly calendar. The Jews I knew fondly referred to this particular time, this sense of timelessness, as Shabbat time. (Pg 121, Sirinsky) River time is a moment when the time changes entirely. Its when you stop keeping track of time and let nature take over. Judaism has river time built into the calendar as the Sabbath this is a time when we unplug from the technical civilization and tap into our souls and nature. Sabbath is like river time because before we get there, we must spend time preparing for our journey. In river time you get ready for your trip by planning the map out, checking all the gear and packing up. In Sabbath, we make sure we have all our work done in 6 days then on the 6th day we prepare for the Sabbath on the 7th day. This is the day that we allow ourselves to become one with nature. This brings us to the idea of technical civilization. We are living at the age of time where we covet material objects. This is not good for the environment since all we do is take, take, take without taking a moment and thinking about the consequences of our actions. Man has indeed become primarily a tool-making animal, and the world is now a gigantic tool-box for the satisfaction of his needs. (Swetlitz, 244). If we continue treating the world as a giant tool-box, we are going to end up running out of tools and ultimately leading to destroying our planet. This is why we need to let the planet rest from the toil and abuse we put it through. Finks talks about in his article This, the fourth commandment, recognizes that not only human beings need a weekly day of rest. Shabbat provides all nature with a much-needed respite and an opportunity to recover from the heavy s train imposed by humanitys labors.(Pg 114, Fink). If the world decided to adopt this idea of Shabbat the planet would be able to be saved since humans are going to allow the world a day of rest. Where we do not take anything from the world and let the planet have a day where it can recover from the constant toil that we put it through. The Jewish religion looks at the Sabbath as a day where all of Gods creation rest from the toil of the other six days. In Heschels book, he says The Sabbath, thus, is more than an armistice, more than an interlude; it is a profound conscious harmony of man and the world, sympathy for all things and participation in the spirit that unites what is below and what is above. (Pg 31-32, Heschel) This brings us back to the main idea of using the Sabbath as one of the keys to solving the ecological crisis going on in our world today. When we take a step back and reconnect with both our spirit this allows us to create harmony with the world and unite us. When we allow this to happen, we can open our eyes to whats going on around us and how we are affecting nature and what we can do to stop the ecological crisis going on. I agree with Daniel that we can learn from the Jewish religion that we should value the planet and our souls. In Ellen Cohn, Rain and the Calendar she explains to us that the world was a gift from God and that we should treat it with respect, kindness, and dignity. She states God created the world, taught us to care for it, and demanded that we comply. We would be rewarded with bounty or famine depending on how we lived how we treated each other, and how we treated nature. (Pg 128, Ellen Cohn) When we treat the world how God taught us, so we will be able to save it from an ecological crisis. Kevin Jansen The urgency that surrounds saving the environment can often feel like a modern effort in response to a modern problem. The post industrial revolution world is a fast moving one and the consequent damage to nature can feel overwhelming when compared to the rest of human history. What becomes interesting is how the answer to this seemingly modern problem may lie in the text of an ancient religion. Human exploitation of the environment is arguably at unprecedented levels in the modern age, but Judaism proves that this is not an entirely new dilemna. Judaism introduces the important concept of sacred time and in this sacred time much can be learned about the dynamic between humans and nature, and more importantly, the divine significance in preserving this dynamic. Sacred time reveals the human relationship with God and preserving the Earth is a crucial step in maintaining that relationship. Sacred time has to be explained as a concept before learning how it relates to saving the environ ment. In order to understand this concept of sacred time, one should look no further than Abraham Joshua Heschels The Sabbath. When describing the seventh day of the week, he describes it as being a day of detachment from things, instruments, and practical affairs as well as of attachment to the spirit (Heschel 29). Sacred time is a sort of elevation from the earthly realm and Heschel illustrates it as a time in which people are at their closest to God spiritually, because they do not concern themselves with worldly matters that occupy their mind on other days of the week. Sacred time is embodied by other quotes, like when he describes the Sabbath as The vision of a window in eternity that opens into time (Heschel 16) along with numerous other instances. The point in all of Heschels romantic language is that humans can attain something during sacred time that cant be experienced in the ordinary world. Sabbath is a chance to escape the shackles of Earth and become something more than human. The divine connectivity of sacred time described by Heschel can also be found explained elsewhere. This can be demonstrated in Lawrence Trosters In Your Goodness You Renew Creation: Creation Cycles in Jewish Liturgy. Troster explains the creation and historical prayers Shma and Amidah, and specifically how they relate to sacred time. He writes The Shma and Amidah represent a journey in which we first accept the covenant and then are admitted† with praise and thanksgiving† into the metaphorical temple, the microcosm of Creation. We start with history and move to eternity (Troster 110) Through this quote a cycle begins to emerge. Humans live their lives through the six days of the week and on the seventh day they experience a moment of renewal. This cycle will repeat over and over. Unlike many other religions, where any equivalent to sacred time might only exist in the afterlife, Judaism presents an opportunity to feel a deep connection with God every Sabbath. With the idea of sacred time roughly understood, Judaisms ecological relevance can now be explored. Daniel brings ecology into the equation by viewing the Sabbath in a literal sense. He points out that the Earth is given an opportunity to rest as a consequence of human rest and I agree with this assessment. I will argue however that the tenets of Judaism and sacred time ensure the earth is given rest on more than just the Sabbath. In Eliezer Diamonds piece Jewish Perspectives on Limiting Consumption, he calls attention to a verse from Deuteronomy, You shall eat from the tree, but not cut it down (85). You might take from the tree and enjoy its fruits, but to permanently strip it from the environment is not permitted. He adds his own words stating that This directive could be applied today to limit consumption to what is necessary for a sustainable economy (Diamond 86). Despite not being on the Sabbath, there are significant rules in Judaism that allow for the Earth to rest. This idea of limited consumption is one of the answers to the ecological question of how humans should exist in nature. The principles of ecology emerge once more in Ellen Bernsteins The Tu Bshvat Seder. The human and nature relationship is illustrated during a Seder in the quote, when people eat the fruit of a plant, they are eating of the plants divine energy When they recite a blessing, they offer up divine energy that the angel can direct back toward the fruit (Bernstein 143). The kind of behavior being encouraged in this quote is one of gratitude. Bernstein also mentions that those who do not give a blessing after taking fruit prevent the angel from having the energy needed to restore the tree. This can be applied in a non spiritual context in how the ungrateful human that does not give a blessing for the fruit can easily be the ungrateful human that will take more than they need or even cut down the tree. The relationship described here can also be tied back to Diamonds ideas about limited consumption in how it promotes respect for the trees and indirectly discourages humans from exp loiting this source of pleasure. Jewish ecological practices are similarly explored in the My Jewish Learning article Traditional Jewish Teachings on Nature and the Environment. The author explains Rabbinic law also innovated environmental legislation of other sorts. Civic concerns alone, without wider ecological considerations, were sufficient, to make the rabbis of the Mishnah and Talmud promulgate laws requiring safe waste disposal, the location of what today would be called industrial zones at a distance from settled areas (No Author Given) This might not relate to limited consumption, but it is undoubtedly proof that Judaism aimed to protect the environment beyond just the Sabbath. The level of conscientiousness towards nature remains impressive, but with all of these rules established, how might ecology relate to sacred time? Heschels description of sacred time on the Sabbath and the ecological aspects of Judaism can now be brought together. Victor mentions that when humans treat the world as God intended, the environment can be saved from an ecological disaster. I agree with this idea and where Victor explored what it means to follow Gods intention, I will explore the role of humans in this dynamic. In Living as if God Mattered: Heschels View of Nature and Humanity, Marc Swetlitz paints a picture of the relationship between humans, God, and the environment. He displays this in the quote, Aware that God created the world Aware that we are permitted by God to subdue the earth for six days a week, we labor to transform nature to satisfy our needs while maintaining a constant awareness of Gods presence (Swetlitz 249) An idea of modesty is being pushed forward where humans are supposed to know their place. Earth was given to humans by God and they may be in a position to use it, but they are not in a position to destroy it. As a creation of God, it is to be respected and preserved. The quote also ties into Heschels ideas about the Sabbath. The sacred time of the seventh day can only be experienced if humans allow the Earth to rest, but they must also follow the other ecological rules. Even though the Sabbath is a day for rest, that does not mean humans are given free reign to exploit the environment as much as they want on the other six days. The aforementioned ecological rules and practices explained by Diamond and Bernstein are there to keep people permanently conscientious, because there can not be a sacred time unless humans respect the creations of God on all days. Sacred time may not specifically be about protecting nature, but environmental conscientiousness is definitely a product of it. Judaism is very much concerned with what lies beyond the earthly realm. In an effort to understand it and become closer with the divine, the religion encourages individuals to look after the planet given to them by God. Whether it be during the modern era with its impressive relevancy, or when the religion was only in its infancy, the ecological truths embedded in Judaism are integral to comprehending a humans role in the environment.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Pros and Cons of Taking a Year Off Before College Essay...

It’s your senior year of high school. It is time for you to decide what you want to do after you graduate. You have a few possible things that you could do. You could start applying for colleges, get accepted to one, and then go to college right out of high school; or you could do the same thing, but take a year off. This brings up the argument of whether or not a student should take off a gap year before they begin college. There are both, pros and cons to taking a gap year prior to starting college. In this paper, you are going to read about some of the benefits of taking a gap year before college, as well as some of the negative affect of taking a gap year before college. Students should take a gap year before starting college;†¦show more content†¦Since the student is currently learning some independence, this is a great time where they can get to know themselves better. During a gap year, students have the opportunity to get to know them as well as learn what they want to do in life (Ma, 2014). Back in 2013, there were interviews given to many students at different universities, about their experience with a gap year. A student by the name of Eden Full, Princeton University, stated that since he was young, he was always on the path to success. With a gap year, it had given him time to learn some new skills and explore some new interests that he had never had before (Lazaro, 2013). Another student by the name of Tiffany Yanagida, a computer science major at University of Nebraska-Lincoln, stated that a gap year had given her some time to find out her future career path. This was something that she had no idea about at the young age of 18 (Lazaro, 2013). This is a great time to have fun, build up your social network, and go out and enjoy the world. It is true that as the years go by, the cost of college is increasing. But as of October 2013, it was revealed that the rate of cost increase is falling in slow increments: 8.5% in 2011 to 4.5% in 2012 to 2.9% in 2013 (Ma, 2014). This is all thanks to there being better grant and tax benefits. This might mean that it is a great idea to wait to go to college, until the lower priceShow MoreRelatedPersuasive Speech : Benefits Of Taking A Gap Year868 Words   |  4 PagesAlondra Aviles Gallegos Persuasive Speech Gap Year Introduction I. Attention Getter A. Do you ever think about all the years you have spent in school, and about the years waiting for you to graduate? B. It can be pretty frustrating for those people who are struggling with grades, or for those whose careers take FOREVER to complete. II. Establish Credibility A. After doing extensive research, I found an interesting, fun, and adventurous way to get rid of all the stress caused by school. III. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Ethical Theories Supporting Different Moral Perspectives...

Introduction There are numerous ethical theories supporting different moral perspectives of human actions. The various theories differ according to the way in which they require people to act, and in their fundamental arguments. Because of different perspectives and philosophical views, no ethical theory can be said to be superior to the other. The paper that follows describes and defends the ethical theory of utilitarianism. Reasons why Utilitarianism is the Correct Ethical Theory i. It reinforces rationality in judging the morality of actions. ii. It is based on sound premises and is not rigid as traditional ethical codes. iii. It makes moral judgments to be objectively true. Overview of Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is one of the most influential and best known ethical theories. Just like other versions of consequentialism, utilitarianism is premised on the idea that whether an act is morally wrong or right depends on its effects. Essentially, the only aspects of an action stat are important to a utilitarian are the effects the act produces. There are two categories of utilitarianism: act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. According to rule utilitarianism, a particular action is morally right if it conforms to some justified moral rules. This perspective implies that the morality of individual actions should be evaluated in reference to existing general moral rules. Act utilitarianism is often regarded as the most natural interpretation of the ethical theory ofShow MoreRelatedEthical Egoism as Moral Theory Essay1250 Words   |  5 Pagesframework, ethical egoism fails as a moral theory to assist moral decision making because it endorses the animalistic nature of humanity, fa ils to provide a viable solution to a conflict of interest, and is proved to be an evolutionary unstable moral strategy. Outline: Ethical egoism claims that all our actions can be reduced to self-interest. 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Ancient History Evoultion of the Earth Essay Example For Students

Ancient History Evoultion of the Earth Essay The Greek geographers of the later Roman period developed systematic calculations for the mapping and shaping of the earth. However, what would come to replace these systematic calculations? Why were the ideologies of a flat earth accepted and why were those of a spherical earth ridiculed? The answer to this question is very simple and can be answered by one clear and concise word: Religion. Thus saith the Lord God; This is Jerusalem: I have set it in the midst of the nations and countries that are round about her. (Ezekiel 5:5)This verse from the of book Ezekiel simply states that the city of Jerusalem should be in the center of all maps created. This eliminated the need for any latitude or longitude. Before hand, there had been more than six hundred maps created, not one having this holy city as the center. There was nothing new about putting the most sacred place at the center says Boorstin. The Hindus placed Mount Meru, a mythological 70,000 foot high mountain at the center of their map. In the Muslim faith, the Kabah in Mecca was the highest point on earth and the polestar showed the city of Mecca to be opposite the center of the sky. As one can clearly see, many maps, had different centers. Each map had a different center, each based on a different religion. Many years before the birth of Jesus Christ, the Greeks theorized that the earth was a globe. But after that, there was a period in history called The Great Interruption. This period was categorized by a complete silence where people in general, forgot about the issue of whether the earth was flat or whether it was a globe. Another reason that brought the theories of a globular world to rest was because the priests told the general public that the earth was flat. Priests such as St. Augustine and others invented the Antipode theory, which stated that a world shaped like a globe is impossible because objects would be hanging downwards and growing backwards. Once again, religion played a major part in this argument that would rage on for many years to come. To conclude, much like the theories of the priests in the first 400 years after the birth of Jesus Christ, who said that Jerusalem was the center of a flat earth, one might be able to relate this period in time to a much more recent and modern one. Prior to the French Revolution in 1789, France was ruled by an absolute divine right monarchy. The institution that had the most power at the time was the Catholic church. No one in France would ever dare question the word of the Church. Everything the Church said had to be true and that was that. This is further reinforced by the churchs persecution of Copernicus who later again theorized that the earth was not the center of the solar system. This illustrates that 1000 years later, religion remained the backbone of society, and to a lesser extent, the same still holds true today in certain societies